Beniamino Murgante1, Giuseppe Borruso2, and Alessandra Lapucci3

Sustainability: From Principles to Evaluation Methods
The idea of sustainable development may appear quite vague, fuzzy and evasive
(Pearce et al. 1989). In fact, whereas sustainability is related to a status of maintenance
and conservation of the existing conditions, both in space and time and is
referred to the capacity to guarantee a support without causing decay, the concept
of development implies, instead, an alteration and a transformation of actual
status, then a condition of instability.
This semantic conflict induces to an idea of both improvement and preservation:
in substance, the effective aim of a sustainable development is the possibility
to guarantee a better life quality for an enduring period of time.
The Bruntland report (1987) systematized the definition of environmental
sustainability even on a political level:
“Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present
without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own
needs. It contains within it two key concepts: the concept of needs, in particular
the essential needs of the world’s poor, to which overriding priority
should be given; and the idea of limitations imposed by the state of technology
and social organization on the environment’s ability to meet present and
future needs”.
read more

Comments are closed.

Beniamino Murgante, Giuseppe Borruso and
Alessandra Lapucci (Eds.)

Copyright © 2011 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

This work is subject to copyright. All rights are reserved, whether the whole or part
of the material is concerned, specifically the rights of translation, reprinting, reuse
of illustrations, recitation, broadcasting, reproduction on microfilm or in any other
way, and storage in data banks. Duplication of this publication or parts thereof is
permitted only under the provisions of the German Copyright Law of September 9,
1965, in its current version, and permission for use must always be obtained from
Springer. Violations are liable to prosecution under the German Copyright Law.
The use of general descriptive names, registered names, trademarks, etc. in this
publication does not imply, even in the absence of a specific statement, that such
names are exempt from the relevant protective laws and regulations and therefore
free for general use.
Typeset & Cover Design: Scientific Publishing Services Pvt. Ltd., Chennai, India.

Comments are closed.

Beniamino Murgante1, Giuseppe Borruso2, and Alessandra Lapucci3
1 University of Basilicata, Viale dell’Ateneo Lucano, 10 – 85100 Potenza, Italy
e-mail: beniamino.murgante@unibas.it
2 University of Trieste, P.le Europa, 1 – 34127 Trieste, Italy
e-mail: giuseppe.borruso@econ.units.it
3 University of Pisa, Via Diotisalvi, 2 -56126 Pisa, Italy
e-mail: alessandra.lapucci@ing.unipi.it

1 Sustainability: From Principles to Evaluation Methods
The idea of sustainable development may appear quite vague, fuzzy and evasive
(Pearce et al. 1989). In fact, whereas sustainability is related to a status of maintenance
and conservation of the existing conditions, both in space and time and is
referred to the capacity to guarantee a support without causing decay, the concept
of development implies, instead, an alteration and a transformation of actual
status, then a condition of instability.
This semantic conflict induces to an idea of both improvement and preservation:
in substance, the effective aim of a sustainable development is the possibility
to guarantee a better life quality for an enduring period of time.
The Bruntland report (1987) systematized the definition of environmental
sustainability even on a political level:

“Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present
without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own
needs. It contains within it two key concepts: the concept of needs, in particular
the essential needs of the world’s poor, to which overriding priority
should be given; and the idea of limitations imposed by the state of technology
and social organization on the environment’s ability to meet present and
future needs”.
read more

Comments are closed.

by
Yuji Murayama and Rajesh B. Thapa

Development of Spatial Analysis with GIS
In a narrow sense, spatial analysis has been described as a method for analyzing
spatial data, while in a broad sense it includes revealing and clarifying processes,
structures, etc., of spatial phenomena that occur on the Earth’s surface. Ultimately,
it is designed to support spatial decision-making, and to serve as a tool for assisting
with regional planning and the formulation of government policies, among other
things. The world of GIS includes such terms as spatial data manipulation, spatial
data analysis, spatial statistical analysis, and spatial modeling. While there are
admittedly slight differences in the definitions of these terms (O’Sullivan & Unwin,
2003), they are subsumed in this chapter, which will examine spatial analysis in a
broad sense. read more

Comments are closed.

Cellular Automata Innovative Modelling For Science And Engineering

Edited by Alejandro Salcido Published by InTech Janeza Trdine 9, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia Copyright © 2011 InTech Modelling and simulation are disciplines of major importance for science and engineering. There is no science without models, and simulation has nowdays become …